Антипсихиатрия - wide social and cultural movement, came out in the early 60-ies of the XX century with the criticism of the concepts and practices of traditional psychiatry, against the use of psychiatry in the interests of the authorities and for the rights of mentally ill persons.
Антипсихиатрическое movement arose against the background of widespread public discontent about the abuse and poor conditions of patients in psychiatric hospitals and a number of Western countries led to the de-institutionalization of the psychiatric services. The most significant role in this movement played Ronald Laing, David Cooper, Franco Базалья, Michel Foucault, Thomas Szasz, Эрвинг Goffman. The concept of «антипсихиатрия» appeared and became part of everyday language through political activity by David Cooper.
Theoretical aspects of антипсихиатрическое movement are reflected in the books by David Cooper Psychiatry and антипсихиатрия» and Ronald Leynga «Policy experience», which appeared in 1967, and in his book Mind, and violence.», which appeared in 1964 as a result of their joint work. A little later came the book of Michel Foucault's «History of insanity in the classical era» and Thomas Szasz, «the Myth of mental illness», have made a significant contribution to the антипсихиатрическое movement.
The most radical opponents of psychiatry argue that no mental diseases are not present at all, so treat them meaning; what psychiatrists call disease, in reality, is a socially unacceptable behaviour. Thus, psychiatry is considered as the Institute of social control.
Opponents and supporters (followers) often share common humane goals. However, the reason of negative emotional response антипсихиатрию is, apparently, the radicalism антипсихиатрического movement, безаппеляционности some conclusions:
if deinstitutionalization of psychiatry, the full.
if negative nosologic diagnoses and biological reasons in psychiatry, full etc.
In turn, the radicalism of the anti-psychiatry can провоцироваться and called rigidity and безаппеляционностью traditional psychiatry, «the monopoly of psychiatrists on the truth about the causes of diseases and methods of treatment».