Aesthetic education is closely connected with moral.
Feeling is an experience of man's relationship to what he knows or does, that is, to the phenomena of nature and society, to other people and their actions, to himself and his own Affairs. The task of parents is in the nurture and develop feelings such as teamwork, friendship, goodwill, respect to the inner spiritual world of man. Child should be able to survive in connection with the cognition of the surrounding world with feelings such as joy, delight, surprise, sadness, anxiety, shame, anger, resentment, confusion, remorse and other
Work on the aesthetic education of children with intellectual disorders has certain specificity, due to the peculiarities of psychophysical development of students, and requires special organization, which provides:
More elementary level of aesthetic education.
.Рациональное use of a variety of forms, methods and means of aesthetic training and education corresponding to their abilities.
In the process of aesthetic education of children with intellectual disorders are solved direct and indirect tasks. The direct objectives include: the development of the ability to perceive aesthetic phenomena in reality and art, the formation of his artistic taste, aesthetic education of attitude to the art works and objects of reality and their aesthetic appraisal. A child with intellectual disabilities must learn to see the beautiful and the ugly, comic and tragic, understand, feel and Express their attitude to these phenomena in this or that form. In conjunction with the direct tasks are solved indirect realized in the process of decision of tasks of other directions of educational process (mental, moral, physical, labour and others), based on attracting the attention of students to the various works of art reflecting the ideas of beauty and kindness.
It is very important from the first years to develop the ability to see the beautiful in art, work and in human communication, i.e. to develop in him the aesthetic feelings.
In Junior and middle school age task of parents is to develop in children a sense of beauty of the nature of the native land, to teach see beauty in works of fine art, music, and literature, to encourage their children to engage in painting, sculpture, singing, expressive reading. All this helps to develop a taste in art and creative abilities of children with intellectual disabilities.
In the senior classes in literature classes, students learn to analyze and evaluate the aesthetics of art works.
The family must develop in children the ability to distinguish really artistic creativity from the kind of fakes in the art, to develop hatred toward ugly phenomena in the environment, one to the ugly deeds. In this regard uses various forms and methods. Parents should encourage their children to attend various activities, participate in excursions to museums, give them the opportunity to travel to tourist trips around the country. Home exhibitions and other events important to have a discussion of what he saw and heard, to draw children's attention to the artistic or historical value of the exhibits, their beauty and perfection. Continuation of such excursions may be collecting reproductions of famous artists, booklets and albums of the cities visited, about famous people - heroes of war and labour, the creation of the house small «Tretyakov gallery». Teenage boys generally addicted to the history of weapons, begin to engage in technical creativity, make models of ships, fortresses, guns, planes, armored vehicles and other Girls are addicted to collecting photos of your favorite artists of cinema, theater and music, draw, and simulate their stage costumes and hairstyles, try to emulate their appearance; collect cassette tapes of your favorite music groups, imitate them in singing and manner of behavior. Porn is typical for boys. And here parents should tactfully to Express their opinion about a particular artist, or a suit. What is acceptable on the stage, in the scenic way, not suitable for schools, on the streets. For girls ugly, unethical bare intimate parts of the body: the chest, stomach, buttocks. For a boy ugly be carelessly dressed, with long, unkempt hair, or Vice versa - with his head shaved.
Artist creates his stage image to draw attention to themselves, justify the name of your group or the content of their songs. But often, young artists, not having a good vocal data, not being able adequately to behave on the stage, trying to draw attention to themselves, to trigger the interest of the public to his shocking appearance, behavior at ease. On adolescents it acts in the negative. They, because of their inexperience think that's the way it should be, start to copy these deformities. Parents should teach children to distinguish between what is good, what is bad. You need to show the children the true art, these artists whose talent, the ability to dress, to keep yourself on stage, repertoire, beautiful vocal be an example to follow.
Students of secondary school age can participate actively in the conduct and training of holidays and memorable dates is not only in the classroom and the school, but at home, in the family. This birthday parties, holidays, March 8, and February 23. Especially loved all the new year holidays. Preparation for them, Christmas tree ornament, buying gifts, family performances, performances of children and adult family members, making toys, costumes for the masquerade ball create excellent opportunities for aesthetic education.
A serious impact on the development of aesthetic tastes provides the appearance of the flat where the child lives, its design and decoration, as placed flowers on the windowsills, as they match the color Wallpapers, curtains, kitchen, etc. are comfortably arranged furniture, neatly tucked beds. The house should not be excessive, unnecessary things, every thing must have its place. All this teaching a baby in the family.
The purchase of clothing and household items should be discussed at the family Council. We must teach children to pick things up so that they meet the following conditions: practicality, comfort, beautiful appearance, compliance by the color and style of the rest of the clothes or shoes, age appropriate and modern fashion, compliance shape of a teenager, the color of his eyes, hair, etc. Purchase must also correspond to the possibilities of the family.
Nature is the source of all goodness, her beauty affects the spiritual world of man, enriches it.
In early childhood, the child takes me for a walk in the forest, in the field, on the lake, amazed at the beauty of nature. It is necessary to pay his attention to the colour of leaves and flowers, the surrounding animal world of butterflies, ants, birds; learning to hear the noise of the forest, murmur of the grass, the birds singing, to distinguish birds voices. You need to show him the change of seasons and explain what happens with plants and animals. It teaches children to curiosity, observation, awareness of the need to protect and preserve nature.
In adolescence, the child sees not only the beauty of the surrounding nature, and desire to know the logical laws of its development. Parents should be able to explain how nascent tree growing, grain ear on the field, how to grow a flower on a bed or cucumber on the bed, what should you do to help the birds in the winter, how to build a birdhouse or do feeder, why do the ice-hole in winter the rivers and lakes (not to gasped fish) and other environmental work.
Make Teens love contact with nature, to everybody had something to your favorite in nature: the Gali - willow flowering at the well, Sasha - gazebo, overgrown with wild grapes, in Zina - corner of the garden with its cherry trees from Luda - house cat, Serezha - the fish in the aquarium, Viti - дедушкина apiary, etc. Make sure that children are cared for their favorite Pets, saw their beauty and perfection.
Of course, parents sometimes difficult to answer numerous children's questions. Well, well, if they need to once again look into the book, read much, over many things to think about. It is necessary for children to honor their parents not to fall down parental authority. And the questions are very different: «Why overnight tree bloomed?», «At night it is asleep or awake?», «Does it hurt to tree when cut off the branch?», «Why is a tree grows old and dies?» and others, the more our children will ask questions and get the right answers, the more they will want to know, the better they will learn at school.
Teachers have long noticed that if a child left to himself, if the elders do not lead conversations with him, don't read him books do not tell tales, the child develops poorly inquisitiveness, curiosity, thinking. Having come to school, that child often does not understand the meaning of the most common words and expressions, his language is poor, interest blunted. He knows the environment, one does not understand the phenomena of nature, easy to miscellaneous speculation and rumors, believe небылицам, does not know where to take bread, milk, sugar, etc.
Important role in the aesthetic education play a book. From pre-school age children, with bated breath, listening to the fairy tale of little red riding Hood, which eat wolf, about the little humpbacked horse, who helped Ivan to defeat the evil king, and other Fairy-tale characters call the guys hot sympathy to the brave and noble deed and aversion to any evil and low. Tales develop in children a sense of justice, and rejection of evil, help children to understand what is good and what is bad. Children have the desire to imitate your favourite heroes in their games and actions.
Very rightly did the parents who 2-3 times a week reading aloud and discuss with children artistic works, paying attention to a poetic description of the nature, lyrical, the beauty of the language, characteristic of characters. Reading the verse teaches children to beautiful turnover speech, instilling a love for poetry. Children need to hear the poems of S. Marshak, S. Mikhalkov, A. Pushkin, M. Lermontov, A. Twardowski, A. Barto, N. Nekrasov, A. feta, F. Tyutchev and others
Sometimes children know much about spaceships, the flight to the moon, about the various terrorist attacks, but no line can not read by heart of Nekrasov, Pushkin and other intelligence develops one-sided, their soul, not able to see the beautiful, the good, the eternal. There are many books from a series «Life of remarkable people»which should recommend to the students of middle and upper classes. They acquaint with the work and the life of outstanding writers, artists, musicians, scientists, talk about the high moral qualities of these people, the nobility and beauty of their labour. These books help to create a moral ideals to strive to whom a teenager and young man.
Art is a time and space, in which lives the beauty of the human spirit. As gymnastics straightens body art straightens soul. Knowing the value of art, he knows the human in man, elevates himself to the beautiful, experiencing pleasure.
One piece of art is music. We know that without the Muse-Ki, songs and dances life is boring and uninteresting. For educating the children of taste and love for music is important and this fact, and the music is heard. It is very important that parents and children listen to not only fun, light music, and Opera and Symphony. Studies have shown that in most families, unfortunately, both adults and children prefer to listen to light music. Composer D. Kabalevsky wrote that art is «entertainment», the meaning of which is to entertain man, decorate rest. But the higher purpose of all great, true art is much wider. It is to enrich the spiritual world of a person, to make it better, cleverer, stronger.
One has to visit with children, lectures-concerts, which tells about the creativity of composers, walk with them in Opera and operetta, ballet. It is useful to organize in the family home concerts»where play and sing, dance and recite all members of the family. Let the children sing in the school choir, study at music school, listen to tapes of music, where there are recordings of the works of different genres of music: songs and Russian folk, and arias from operas, and fragments of operetta. This will allow them to develop good taste in music, will help distinguish real art of forgery. Very useful to listen to the radio. Musical radio programs acquaint with the works of composers, singers, musicians, learn to understand the various trends and genres in music of different countries and peoples. These programs can be listened to and your family and then exchange views about the heard.
Works of fine art is another bright window through which a person attains subtle, noble vision of the world. Painting claims in a young soul a sense of the greatness and the beauty of man and the nature.
Kids love to draw themselves, and it is their desire to support, provide guys paints, pencils, paper, do not skimp on the Council, assistance and attention to their drawing. Not to discourage children hunting draw is necessary to avoid the condemnation of the failed drawings, not to call them «мазней», speak, that figure's overcoat, and so on, it is Important to notice that the child before painting the house, flower, and so on, trying to carefully consider the subject. We should help him see what shades has petal of a flower, how many different green pencils need to paint leaves of a tree; let the image of an Apple or watermelon child will enjoy their taste, smell, their perfect shape and color.
Very often the younger students only draw cars and houses. This means that they have not developed enough observation. Parents should help them to learn to see and admire, that is located around. In the window you can show summer, autumn or winter landscape, help to portray on paper, explain, what is foreground, middle and far. Show how to draw a forest, river, road, how to pick the right color paints. This parents help book, Лабунской «Learn to draw» of the publishing house «Children's world», Moscow.
In adolescence and senior school age, interest in painting in children increases under the influence of school, television, and especially after visiting art galleries. Parents should use every opportunity to go with the children at an exhibition of paintings, sculptures, and works of national art creativity. These exhibitions are periodically held in cities and district centers, and guides to help you understand and appreciate the skill of the creators of these exhibits. Such visits to the parents may have to be specially prepared. Here is what the mother of one pupil: «Recently we went to the Tretyakov gallery in order to get acquainted with the works of artists of the eighteenth century. Daughter in school studies the history of Russia of XVIII century. I'm not a connoisseur of painting, and therefore pre-read the special article and looked at the pictures booklet (album). And at the exhibition amazed daughter and her friends, which we took with them their awareness. I saw that my daughter is proud mother's knowledge, happy, and on the way back she usually closed and silent, talking about what they saw, with admiration expressed their opinions about the paintings, asking my opinion is listened to my advice.'
This art is a moral sense. To such works of a man returns again and again, and each time it finds something new, interesting and remarkable tune exactly to this period of his life, his emotional state. Such paintings as the «Rye» I. Shishkin, «the Rooks have returned» A. Savrasov, «Golden autumn» and «Birch forest» I. Levitan, «Russian winter» K. Yuon, «First snow» A. Plastov, should be considered in childhood and adolescence and early youth. Every time a person enriches and develops the emotional memory, keenly feels the beauty. It is due to the perception of art and enter into the spiritual life as a teenager.
Much attention of the parents, tutor require those works of painting, which depicts a man with his complex and multi-faceted spiritual world. On the foreground there must put the picture, depicting the moral beauty of man.