Fear is an integral part of the human psyche, is the inherent instinct of self-preservation. However, not rarely fear takes pathological forms and begins to destroy the mental health of the individual, into a disease or disorder. Fear can be just: insects, rodents, reptiles, of darkness, of a height of not less often meet people who are afraid of enclosed spaces, that is, suffer from claustrophobia.
Claustrophobia is a mental disorder that manifests itself приступообразно when placed in tight, confined spaces or at the big congestion of people (in the crowd, queue). Fear comes on suddenly, and a man can't manage it starts to panic, this in turn gives rise to fear is fear itself. Later, people suffering from claustrophobia, fear to be in close quarters, confined space, queue, a subway car, Elevator, due to concerns that they may begin claustrophobic. They avoid the Elevator ride, try not to use the metro, not sit in full of vehicles, and generally avoid any crowds of people.
Attacks of claustrophobia, as in other attacks other phobias, accompanied by pronounced reactions of the autonomic nervous system: profuse sweating, dry mouth, body tremor (shaking), palpitations, and shortness of breath. Adrenaline, which produce the adrenal glands when fear causes a sharp reduction in blood vessels, hence dizziness, feeling предобморочного state. The causes of a claustrophobic: Claustrophobia, as many types of phobias, «come from childhood», it is not known, what exactly, is the reason for development of claustrophobia, but it's evident that this is the strongest stressful time, which causes further uncontrollable fear. Since most often, the situation that caused the fear experienced however, in early childhood, this information goes to the next level of the subconscious and one can then only to learn how to cope with symptoms of claustrophobia.
Ways to deal with claustrophobia:
Any mental disorder is best treated in a combined manner, with the participation of psychotherapeutic and psychological assistance. The psychotherapist shall employ medications - antidepressants. Psychologist uses a variety of techniques that help reduce the negative effects of fear on the mental condition of the person, among them the following: a hypnotic trance, systematic desensitization, логотерапевтические methods, techniques of NLP and other Typing in hypnosis and hypnotic trance, psychologist relaxes and calms a patient, and trying to eliminate the cause of a phobia, and inspires a man confidence in their own abilities.
The method of systematic desensitization involves training of the patient's various relaxing techniques, and can apply in time of an attack phobias. Most use exercises «flood», «intensification» and «mismatch». As an exercise method is used muscle relaxation on Джекобсону. Techniques of NLP (neuro linguistic programming) means the work with the use of different speech. First, one must understand the phobia and fear of falling into a state of panic, psychologist trains the individual to exit from the state of fear.
What to do during an attack of claustrophobia? When begins claustrophobic it must be possible to relax as much as possible (therefore, psychologists and psychotherapists teach good relaxation, to normalize breathing (draw air through the nose and exhale, concentrating on the path of air). No need to panic, look around and look up, it is best to find a picture or an object on the level of his eyes, and watch for him. Persons suffering from claustrophobia, we must learn to control their behavior and to be able to control our thoughts. The important role played by the ability to ignore, include fantasy. If to imagine some kind of bright, bright picture, which evoke positive emotions.
As a rule, the attacks of claustrophobia are just as suddenly as it emerges after a minute or two. However, this is not a reason to leave all as is, you must seek professional help from a psychologist or therapist.