Self-assessment was the subject of special studies by several authors. As the research showed Lipkin A.I., from self-esteem depends on the greater or lesser confidence student-confidence, attitude to mistakes, difficulties training activities. Younger students with self-esteem differed activity, striving for success in the doctrine, the manifestation of maximum independence. Quite otherwise behaved children with low self-esteem. They showed a lack of confidence in yourself, afraid of the teacher waited for success in the classroom preferred to listen to others than to be included in the discussion.
In his judgment A.I. Лапкина used several ways to improve the adequacy of self-esteem.
1.In the course of the year, all children need to assess their work before handing them on the verification of the teacher. Then the works were evaluated by the teacher, discussed cases of discrepancy and find out the grounds on which was based the assessment of these works child services - on the one hand, and the teacher. The adequacy of the assessment of their work increased. If in the beginning of the school year, 80% of children assessed their work at the points higher by the end of the year it was observed only at 20% of pupils.
2, made in the classroom, were distributed on mutual reviewing. Required to note the advantages and disadvantages and to give their opinion about the assessment. After reviewing the work is returned to the author, and the student to analyze their own work, that has formed a critical attitude to their own activities.
.Слабоуспевающему student with low self-esteem, a sharp decrease motive achievements were instructed to assist слабоуспевающему pupils that changed the socio - personality to the position of the child, the nature of its activities, the attitude towards yourself. Increase the self-esteem due to the borrowing position of the teacher in this case was a prerequisite for improving the level of their own learning activities, changes in attitude.
It is determined under what conditions comparing children with each other has the most beneficial effect on the formation of self-assessment. The greatest effect was the case when the children were compared with the same capabilities (skills), but due to certain personal qualities (degree of diligence, orderliness, дисциплинарности) reaching in teaching different results. All assessments, comments, it was to show that the lag or success in the teaching depends on the attitude to work. In this class was less than the total of children with irregular self-esteem.
Close to these results was the class to which each child was compared with myself, when the disciple informed about the progress compared with the previous level.
As the research showed Lipkin A.I., formation of proper self-esteem in the process of educational activity has a positive effect on achievement, the attitude to the teaching and overall personality development.
Students with low self-esteem, you must engage in self-education, which can start with learning and practice eight ways to change the self-assessment, the proposed HP Basset (1997)