Ericksonian hypnosis is a technology allowing to open the door to unlimited resources of the unconscious, to let in the life magic intuition, creativity, unconscious ability to address a variety of everyday problems and tasks in business...
They say that not гипнабельных (no hypnosis and suggestion (suggestion)) people don't exist, and there are only people who have varying degrees of resistance to the hypnotic effects.
The relevance of the topic. Ericksonian hypnosis differs from the classical to the fact that we need to get to sleep by the interlocutor, put him on the couch and only then carry out the suggestion. One of the brilliant achievements of Milton Erickson is that it has defined: each man eventually flows into involuntary trance, each individual has the same need in a trance, as in a dream.
When the depressed person feels hopeless, sullen and stops to enjoy life. He can cheer become плаксу and feel frustrated. It may also become irritable, anxious and feel the reduction in the vital energy. At first glance symptoms of depression are almost imperceptible. In the beginning of the disease is very difficult to see the connection between the symptoms and understand that these are signs of depression.
Specialists proved effective treatment for depression with the help of Ericksonian hypnosis. He can help the patient to become positive and confident in their future, while depression will disappear from his life.
Недирективный (Erickson) hypnosis is a modern direction in psychotherapy, directed on an individual approach, first of all, indirect hypnotic, which quite often applies in psychotherapy and everyday life: pedagogics, advertising, marketing, psychological counseling and other
In contrast to classic hypnosis, where the hypnotist conducts himself with confidence and evidently dominates, making his client act under asked them a pattern of conduct in case of indirect hypnosis the fore the hypnotist's opportunity to adapt to the client. This is the fundamental difference of approach. Of course, недирективный hypnosis does not exclude direct commands, especially when they harmoniously fit into the model, taken гипнотизируемым.
The centuries-old History of hypnosis, as well as the rapid development of Ericksonian Hypnosis, shall ensure that in the modern world there is no more effective and useful method for solving the psychological, somatic and psychosomatic problems of man!
In the first stage (POINTING TRANCE) comes attraction of attention of the client, then депотенциализация consciousness and only then work with the unconscious or intervention. Synchronization (РЕОРИЕНТАЦИЯ out of the hypnotic state is happening at the last stage of the interaction. For the implementation of hypnosis are often used COMMANDS (SUGGESTION): different metaphors.
As writes Michael Япко, because the client is experiencing depression for many, overlapping dimensions, in the initial phase of the intervention can be very helpful to identify at what level of treatment faster just to give a positive result. Ultimately, the therapist will take action at all levels directly or indirectly but clearly the strategy is especially important at the beginning of therapy, because in this period formed the expectations of the patient, the relationships between the Clinician and the patient, determined by the rate of the treatment process and the patterns appear, according to whom the feedback.
The therapist in each individual case must decide what measure should be treated introductory intervention in the world of the client. First of all he must assess the degree of opportunities threats of suicide. It should also quickly navigate, how intense suffering of the patient's Way of describing the client's own experiences, i.e. the level of dissatisfaction, height and duration of symptoms, as well as expectations for therapy - all this points to the likelihood that he can persuade the patient to active participation in the treatment process. Of particular importance, determining the success of therapy, develop positive expectations.
A mainstay of therapy should be the individuality of the client. Conducting therapy, the Clinician should consider how the client learns and learns a new experience. Even the most extensive knowledge of the therapist in the area of depression will be useless for the client, if the therapist is not able to bring them to the patient in a clear, accessible manner, since only this case the client will be able to use them for our benefit. Therefore, the strategic approaches are based on the individual possibilities of the patient. It should be noted, however, that the therapist should be able to evaluate which features client play a major role in the experience them depressed, and which are less significant. Therapist, for example, you might notice in the client tendency to excessive burdens himself with the responsibilities of others or for the course of events, which has a destructive effect on his life. The Clinician may think that this is the main feature of the identity of the client, from which comes a depressive perception and the same feelings. In this case, the goal of therapy is becoming to learn to rationally look at the problem of responsibility. It can happen so, that the conductive therapy notice the patient has a tendency to isolation from the society, but despite this the client is in a stable system of support from friends and family. The therapist may consider that the problem of social isolation is the situation with this client minor and either do not require immediate итервенции or no need to pursue the case. The distinction between major and minor patterns characterizing the individuality of the client, allows the therapist to determine the hierarchy of priorities, which in turn is the basis for the selection of the appropriate sequence directives therapy.
Earlier already it was spoken, that the conscious dimension can be divorced from the unconscious. Since consciousness is limited in what a person realizes there is only a certain part of the experience in all of the eight dimensions can be in the field of consciousness of the person affected depression. In other words, the patient may be aware of only a few aspects of each dimension, or even to skip some of eight planes experience. Information about which measure the client is aware and which are not, is a valuable indication relating to the starting point, treatment of Definition on the basis of spontaneous utterances client describing their problems - what dimension or dimensions experience depression are the most accessible of his consciousness, it is particularly important for the therapist for at least two reasons. First, it allows you to establish closer contact with the client and demonstrate an understanding of his method of perception. Secondly, it gives the therapist greater freedom in deciding whether to help in the initial phase of treatment effect on the dimensions of the problem, in which the client is fully aware of, or direct intervention in the measurement inaccessible to consciousness of the patient.
The Clinician makes this choice based on their assumptions regarding the development of symptoms, as well as assessing what the result of the intervention in this dimension the most plausible: instant success or collision with resistance. If, based on the statements of the patient, the therapist will understand that there is the possibility of suicide, selection of the start of treatment much more modest than in the case, when the disease the patient has a chronic character and he has already managed to adapt to it.
Let's see how this looks in practice. Suppose that a client contacts us with the following problems. Since my wife died in a car accident, it went wrong. I go to work, but I can't concentrate on anything, I only think about how I feel bad... I continuously headache... My doctor says that it's simply stress, but the pain is simply intolerable...I sleep only a few hours a night, I fall asleep easily, but the dream quickly. I Wake up at two to three hours before the alarm and just laying. I am not acquainted with the women, to see me weak. The matter is that I'm not interested in sex, a woman, and I feel so tired, constantly, though the doctor says that the results from all analyses OK... I really eat a lot to get more energy, but everything goes in fat... Since she died three years later. And I still can't accept this.
In this example, the client describes a range of symptoms: malaise, sleep disturbance, refusal of contact with the environment, fatigue and a violation of appetite. From his story, we can conclude that he was keenly aware of the presence of depression in the physiological dimension. The patient to a certain extent, is aware of the existence of a connection between experience in the physiological measurement and measuring relations, associating their problems with the death of his wife. Moreover, he mentions about the social isolation, though not on it with a special emphasis.
When a physician to verify that, in the clinical picture is dominated by the physical dimension, he is faced with the following choice: whether to Attribute painkillers and sleeping pills? Or a much more useful psychotherapy to release the patient from sorrow and despair? Whether to start with increasing vitality of the patient with a view to facilitating the establishment of friendly contacts. Or the best solution would be supportive therapy, which is intended to help the client to cope with depressing feelings. The reader probably could be a number of other opportunities for intervention, each of which could lead to success. But which one is suitable to specific occasion?
The treatment process becomes part of the world of the patient, if the therapist is grounded on rational for the customer premise. And then taking into account the system of relationship of the patient, rather than imposing it their own (usually) безапелляционную point of view. Here it is, the main principle guiding, making a choice between the direct and indirect forms of communication with the patient: the more resistance from the client, the greater the need for the application of indirect methods. In other words, if a patient wishes to cooperate has clearly defined goals, wants, and can use their opportunities and actively cooperating with the Clinician in the therapeutic process, in which case there is no need to refer to indirect procedures If, however, it is very likely that the client for certain reasons, does not react to immediate strategy (for example, there is no clear goals, not sure whether he wants to participate in therapy, his expectations are unrealistic) - in this case a greater chance of success will have an indirect approach.
Returning to our case: if the client is well aware of the problems concerning the physiological measurement, and in addition, according to the therapist, in his case directly approach does not promise success, it seems that the best solution would be the direction of intervention to a dimension less available to the consciousness of the patient (those. to any of the measurements, missing in this story). As stated Зейг (1980), the strongest resistance causes intervention in the dimension that occupies the most space in the mind of the client. Such measurement is the most painful problems, which in the past has been the therapeutic action. Attempt to sharp changes on this plane will likely face a strong resistance. The turning point in the treatment is accomplished, rather when the therapist first send therapy at more neutral plane, and then step by step will begin to approach the essence of the problem. Attempt to get all the rabbits, as a rule, always ends in defeat. However, on the other hand, sometimes the therapist must directly address those issues about which he tells the client to establish contact and gain his trust. You need to evaluate your individual abilities of the patient, which can lay the most optimal in this case the scheme of therapeutic action.
In practice, the principle of intervention aimed at measuring less available consciousness of the patient, means the provision to him in the course of therapy information and experiences, reinforcing a sense of their own positive opportunities. Such information must be transmitted in such a pace, which the client is willing to accept, the therapist does not interfere with the mechanisms that control his mind, until he builds him a satisfactory contact. The therapist must also wait with the intervention until it receives reliable information on the extent to which the patient is aware of the influence of depression on a single dimension of their experience.
During the conversation you need to ask a few questions that can assess to what extent the client is aware of the various dimensions of his / her problems. Such information allows the Clinician to make a decision on the extent to which therapy may relate to the field of consciousness of the patient, and which should be directed to the unconscious. Here is a list of questions that allow you to Orient in the individual dimensions of the subjective experience of the client. Most of the questions formulated so that the patient receives the opportunity to speak spontaneously, not concentrating on specific dimensions.
. Can you describe my feelings at the moment?
. That your feelings is for you the most painful?
. How would you describe your feelings?
. That you tried to do to feel better? What helped you at least for some time, but that made no success?
. That mobilized you for further actions?
. That has declined thee to the termination of the attempts to change anything?
. What about your situation others say? How you react to it?
. What do you think is the cause of your problems?
. How they affect your life?
. What is your attitude to this problem?
. So what do you expect from treatment?
Come down to the fact that you decided to seek professional help?
. What are signs of improvement?
These questions under medical examination seem quite obvious, and perhaps the reader has long applies them in its practice. Obtained through these issues, the information is unusually significant during the formulation of the plan of therapy methods described in this book.
If the therapist all attention to only one dimension lived out of the depression, the dimension itself seems to him a significant factor that causes and supports a depressive character. In the literature we can often meet with therapeutic theories and programs, which are in principle shared by the different dimensions of experience and focus only on one of them, ignoring the rest. For example, the biological approach could take into account only the physiological dimension of experience, believing that the return of the chemical equilibrium automatically eliminate or other mechanisms of depression. Therapist, limited cognitive theory, interested in only misshapen schemes of thinking person suffering from depression; he is convinced that a solid dose of rationalism, as well as adjustment of the system of concepts of the client will be sufficient to achieve a therapeutic effect. Exclusively interpersonal theory suggests that improvement can only lead to a change депрессивнных stereotypes of relations of the patient; and behavioral techniques emphasize the salutary effects of adjustment of conduct which is the consequence of incorrect behaviour patterns. There are many more examples of a selective approach to therapy, however, the author also wishes to draw attention to the fact that the selection of individual measurements experience could lead to одноаспектному treatment, which, obviously, is not always effective in the case of depression.
Without doubt, each of these therapies can benefit the patient; the art is to choose an approach that is only true for the patient. Based on spontaneous patient responses to the questions listed above, the therapist may Orient, any measurements, and to what degree related to depression and this should in turn facilitate his skillful use of therapeutic strategies.
Ericksonian hypnosis is an effective tool (in experienced hands) for hidden internal resources of the organism and psyche.
Fifty one year of Milton Erickson again succumbed to the disease, and this time it managed to recover only partially: in the last 10 years of his life he was confined to a wheelchair. He was tormented by constant pain, was paralyzed right arm. Perhaps because of these limitations, Erickson has learnt to use the opportunities and realize the potential of your body. By the end of life Milton Erickson has become a globally recognized authority in the field of hypnosis and short-term therapy.
The correct ownership of this tool, in combination with some fundamental knowledge, empowering, allows you to discover and develop their creative potential, to make their lives better and more interesting.